Title: Lefschetz-thimble path integral for studying the Silver Blaze phenomenon
Abstract: Recently, Picard-Lefschetz theory gets much attention in the context of the sign problem, because it enables us to study the system with the complex classical action nonperturbatively by extending the semiclassical analysis. In this seminar, after its brief introduction, I will apply it to the one-site Hubbard model. This model has a severe sign problem, which looks quite similar to that of the finite-density QCD at low temperatures. By solving this model using the Lefschetz-thimble path integral, we are trying to understand the structure of the sign problem of finite-density QCD. Especially, I give a speculation about the early-onset problem of the baryon number density, called the baryon Silver Blaze problem. We also discuss that the complex Langevin method does not work in a certain situation.
HEP Oct26 flyer